### Coal Beneficiation

In Botswana most of the electricity is generated from Coal, thus there is a need for further research on the following:

• Clean Coal Technologies
• Energy Efficiency and Demand side Management.

In addition to clean coal technologies, the division also focuses on Carbonaceous Material to liquid technologies, where coal is converted to fuels, thus there is a need for further research in the following:

• CTL technologies under different raw materials
• Efficient operation of the CTL plant